Compare and contrast the communicative approach
Richards and Rogers, Often, students listened repeatedly to recordings of conversations for example, in the language lab and focused on accurately mimicking the pronunciation and grammatical structures in these dialogs. Translation CLT: Translation may be used where learners need or benefit from it.
Techniques such as pattern practice, drilling, memorization, etc. D Brumfit, C. However, there are some attempts of describing theories of language learning that are compatible with CLT and it is possible to infer some beliefs.
Richard and Rogers, There are textbooks for this method usually written by structural linguists. All the basic four skills get equal emphasis.
In audio-lingual method, instructional materials assist the teacher to develop language mastery in the learner. Linguistic competence is the desired goal.
Difference between audio lingual method and communicative language teaching
Reading and Writing can start from the first day, if desired. The audio-lingual method supports that language is speech not writing. Learner Language The teacher cannot know exactly what language the learners will use. The teachers have no responsibility to determine learner's language need. It is the acquired system that we call upon to create utterances during spontaneous language use. ALM: The teacher controls the learners and prevents them from doing anything that conflict with the theory. CLT: Learners are expected to interact with other people, either in the flesh, through pair and group work, or in their writings. A notional-functional syllabus is more a way of organizing a language learning curriculum than a method or an approach to teaching. The mastery of oral skills should precede reading and writing which will act as reinforcements.
Learning is the conscious representation of grammatical knowledge that has resulted from instruction, and it cannot lead to acquisition.
An important tenet of structural linguistics was that the primary medium of language is oral: Speech is language. ALM: "Language is habit" so error must be prevented at all costs.
Studymode how is the role of a student in clt different from that in the audio lingual method
Interaction Learners are expected to interact with other people, either in the flesh, through pair and group work, or in their writings. Teacher's function CLT: Teachers help learners in any way that motivates them to work with the language. Accuracy CLT: Fluency and acceptable language is the primary goal: accuracy is judged not in the abstract but in context. It should be noticed that the audio-lingual method is quite different from the communicative approach. Also the teachers are supposed to keep the class interesting by varying the drills and tasks and choosing relevant situations to practice the structure. Learning is the conscious representation of grammatical knowledge that has resulted from instruction, and it cannot lead to acquisition. Initially in the audio-lingual method, the structures are presented and the students drill those structures until they master them orally. Communicative Language Communicative Language Teaching CLT is an approach to the teaching of second and foreign languages that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language. The technique of mim-mem and pattern drills gives students more thorough practice in using grammar pattern. Error CLT: Language is created by the individual often through trial and error. Principles: a Language is speech and not writing. Teaching Patterns The target linguistic system will be learned best through the process of struggling to communicate. Language laboratory is used for intensive practice of language structures as well as supra segmental features. Unlike the audio-lingual method of language teaching, which relies on repetitions and drills, the communicative approach can leave students in suspense as to the outcome of the exercise, which will vary according to their reactions and answers. Disadvantages This approach to language learning was similar to another, earlier method called the direct method.
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